According to the Brookings Institution—a nonprofit organization that conducts research about problems facing US society—during the summer, students' achievement scores decline by about one month’s worth of school year learning. Children who have a better chance of avoiding the summer setback are those with access to resources such as libraries, activities with educated family members, or quality summer programs.
We are constantly programming our brains. While the brain is the main computer that drives so many functions of mind and body, it is also a computer we train with our thoughts and actions, mostly unconsciously.
Long before a child learns to read, we can predict and influence which level of reading they will be capable of. We can observe their vocabulary use, ability to name letters, and how well they are at attributing sounds to letters. The ability to recognize and attribute sounds to letters is referred to as phonological awareness.
A teacher notices that a child in the classroom never speaks. They may occasionally whisper to a classmate they know well. The child is unresponsive when spoken to, sits in a rigid body position, and may appear expressionless with that deer-in-the-headlights look.
As clinicians, we are constantly looking for ways to maintain the effects of our client’s efforts and achievements. One of the ways therapists all over the world are doing this is by using Forbrain headphones to complementary therapies.
Between the ages of two and five, many children will go through a temporary phase during which they struggle to pronounce words, get stuck on syllables, or show other signs of interrupted, non-fluent speech. The medical term for this is developmental stuttering. This post discusses how to cope with stuttering that is not part of this temporary period and thus, prolonged.